Phoenicia and The Bible Phoenicia was an ancient civilization in Southwest Asia consisting of city-states along the eastern Mediterranean Sea. Today that area covers Syria and Lebanon. It covered most of the western and coastal part of the Fertile Crescent.
A daughter of Tarhundaraduruler of Arzawa. There are 2 places where Akhenaten's agents erased the name Amun, later restored on a deeper surface. The British Museum, London Amenhotep III has the distinction of having the most surviving statues of any Egyptian pharaoh, with over of his statues having been discovered and identified.
Since these statues span his entire life, they provide a series of portraits covering the entire length of his reign. Another striking characteristic of Amenhotep III's reign is the series of over large commemorative stone scarabs that have been discovered over a large geographic area ranging from Syria Ras Shamra through to Soleb in Nubia.
For instance, of these commemorative scarabs record the large number of lions either or depending on the reading that Amenhotep III killed "with his own arrows" from his first regnal year up to his tenth year.
She was the first of many such princesses who would enter the pharaoh's household. His Majesty commanded the making of a lake for the great royal wife Tiye—may she live—in her town of Djakaru. Its length is 3, cubits and its width is cubits.
His Majesty celebrated the Festival of Opening the Lake in the third month of Inundation, day sixteen. His Majesty was rowed in the royal barge Aten-tjehen in it [the lake]. This scarab belongs to a class called the "marriage scarabs," which affirm the divine power of the king and the legitimacy of his wife, Tiye.
Walters Art MuseumBaltimore. Amenhotep appears to have been crowned while still a child, perhaps between the ages of 6 and It is likely that a regent acted for him if he was made pharaoh at that early age.
He married Tiye two years later and she lived twelve years after his death.
His lengthy reign was a period of unprecedented prosperity and artistic splendour, when Egypt reached the peak of her artistic and international power. Proof of this is shown by the diplomatic correspondence from the rulers of AssyriaMitanniBabylonand Hatti which is preserved in the archive of Amarna Letters ; these letters document frequent requests by these rulers for gold and numerous other gifts from the pharaoh.
The official account of Amenhotep III's military victory emphasizes his martial prowess with the typical hyperbole used by all pharaohs.
Appearance under the Majesty of Horus: Strong bull, appearing in truth; Two Ladies: Who establishes laws and pacifies the Two Lands; King of Upper and Lower Egypt: Nebmaatra, heir of Ra; Son of Ra: One came to tell His Majesty, "The fallen one of vile Kush has plotted rebellion in his heart.
His Majesty reached them like the wing stroke of a falcon, like Menthu war god of Thebes in his transformation Ikheny, the boaster in the midst of the army, did not know the lion that was before him. Nebmaatra was the fierce-eyed lion whose claws seized vile Kush, who trampled down all its chiefs in their valleys, they being cast down in their blood, one on top of the other.
A letter from the Amarna palace archives dated to Year 2—rather than Year 12—of Akhenaten's reign from the Mitannian king, Tushratta, Amarna letter EA 27 preserves a complaint about the fact that Akhenaten did not honor his father's promise to forward Tushratta statues made of solid gold as part of a marriage dowry for sending his daughter, Tadukhepainto the pharaoh's household.
Recognizing that the problem admits no easy solution, the present writer has gradually come to believe that it is unnecessary to propose a coregency to explain the production of art in the reign of Amenhotep III. Rather the perceived problems appear to derive from the interpretation of mortuary objects.
The evidence consists of the cartouches of Amenhotep III and Akhenaten being carved side by side but this may only suggest that Amenhotep III had chosen his only surviving son Akhenaten to succeed him since there are no objects or inscriptions known to name and give the same regnal dates for both kings.
The Egyptologist Peter Dorman also rejects any co-regency between these two kings, based on the archaeological evidence from the tomb of Kheruef. It has generally been assumed by some scholars that Amenhotep requested and received, from his father-in-law Tushratta of Mitannia statue of Ishtar of Nineveh —a healing goddess—in order to cure him of his various ailments which included painful abscesses in his teeth.
Moranwhich recounts the dispatch of the statue of the goddess to Thebes, does not support this popular theory. The arrival of the statue is known to have coincided with Amenhotep III's marriage with TadukhepaTushratta 's daughter, in the pharaoh's 36th year; letter EA 23's arrival in Egypt is dated to "regnal year 36, the fourth month of winter, day 1" of his reign.When Amenhotep III died, he left behind a country that was at the very height of its power and influence, commanding immense respect in the international world; however, he also bequeathed an Egypt that was wedded to its traditional political and religious certainties under the Amun priesthood.
Amenhotep IV Statue. The Pharaoh Amenhotep IV was considered to be a good man by many. Some consider his monotheist belief is the origin of the Judeo-Christian monotheism.
Amenhotep IV in the Bible – The Pharaohs of Exodus. There have been a lot of pharaohs in the bible. Oct 03, · Mutemwia, wife of Thutmose IV and Amenhotep III’s mother, was in all probability Tiye’s sister, and it now seems likely that she engineered the marriage of Tiye and Amenhotep, which unleashed an avalanche of history.
In Thebes, it is a company of thirty entities which symbolise the reduction of Amon, by his 10 baus (cad his powers of demonstrations), his 10 kaus (the ka is the vital energy which has need to be maintained by offerings) and his 10 names.
Akhenaten’s program was not launched immediately upon his accession, but there were early signs that Amenhotep IV intended to institute major religious changes in Egypt. An upright commemorative slab from his early reign, known as a stela, describes Akhenaten's plan to erect a building which would be dedicated to the deity he called “Ra-Horakhty .
Akhenaten came to the throne as Amenhotep IV. At the time, Egypt was the world's most powerful nation, thanks largely to his father's political achievements. Early in his reign, the new pharaoh began to revise Egypt's religious system.