This was a war for independence, but prior to the war the colonists viewed themselves as British citizens, not as Americans so it is important to know the events that occurred leading up to the war. The French and Indian War played a huge role in setting the stage for the colonies.
Colonists condemned the tax because their rights as Englishmen protected them from being taxed by a Parliament in which they had no elected representatives. The seizure of the sloop Liberty in on suspicions of smuggling triggered a riot.
In response, British troops occupied Boston, and Parliament threatened to extradite colonists to face trial in England. Parliament then repealed all taxes except the one on tea, passing the Tea Act inattempting to force colonists to buy East India Company tea on which the Townshend duties were paid, thus implicitly agreeing to Parliamentary supremacy.
The landing of the tea was resisted in all colonies, but the governor of Massachusetts permitted British tea ships to remain in Boston Harbor.
So, the Sons of Liberty destroyed the tea chests, an incident that later became known as the " Boston Tea Party ". Additionally, the royal governor was granted powers to undermine local democracy.
Meanwhile, representatives from twelve colonies   convened the First Continental Congress to respond to the crisis. The Congress narrowly rejected a proposal to create an American parliament to act in concert with the British Parliament; instead, they passed a compact declaring a trade boycott against Britain.
Init declared Massachusetts to be in a state of rebellion and enforced a blockade of the colony. These increasing tensions led to a mutual scramble for ordnance and pushed the colonies toward open war. Overnight, the local militia converged on and laid siege to Boston.
Washington then moved his army to New York. They continued in at Canso and then a land assault on Fort Cumberland. The British marching to Concord Meanwhile, British officials in Quebec began lobbying Indian tribes to support them,  while the Americans urged them to maintain their neutrality.
Quebec had a largely Francophone population and had been under British rule for only 12 years,  and the Americans expected that they would welcome being liberated from the British.
On October 11, the British defeated the American squadronforcing them to withdraw to Ticonderoga and ending the campaign. The invasion cost the Patriots their support in British public opinion,  while aggressive anti-Loyalist policies diluted Canadian support.
Subsequent negotiations broke down, so Dunmore ordered the ships to destroy the town. Olive Branch Petition and United States Declaration of Independence After fighting began, Congress launched a final attempt to avert warwhich Parliament rejected as insincere.
Patriots followed independence with the Test Laws, requiring residents to swear allegiance to the state in which they lived,  intending to root out neutrals or opponents to independence. Failure to do so meant possible imprisonment, exile, or even death.
States later prevented Loyalists from collecting any debts that they were owed. Due to poor military intelligenceWashington split his army to positions on Manhattan Island and across the East River in western Long Island and an informal attempt to negotiate peace was rejected by the Americans.
Howe restrained his subordinates from pursuit, opting to besiege Washington instead.The War Begins In , British soldiers in Massachusetts were ordered to disarm the American rebels and to arrest their leaders.
The Revolutionary War began on April 19, when fighting broke out between the two sides at the Battles of Lexington and Concord.
Revolutionary War Causes. There are many Revolutionary War Causes, including a series of British acts of Parliament such as the Sugar Act, the Stamp Act and the Townsend heartoftexashop.com American colonists had become increasingly angered at their homeland over a period of many decades.
Reasons behind the Revolutionary War. Tar Heel Junior Historian Association, NC Museum of History. Trouble Brewing. By , the year leading up to the Revolutionary War, trouble was brewing in America. For eight years the Old North State was the scene of suffering caused by the war .
The Revolutionary War waged by the American colonies against Britain influenced political ideas and revolutions around the globe, as a small fledgling nation won its freedom from the greatest.
Nov 09, · Watch video · The French Revolution was a watershed event in modern European history that began in and ended in the late s with the ascent of Napoleon Bonaparte.
During this period, French citizens. War breaks out: April 19, The first shots of the Revolutionary War are fired at Lexington and Concord in Massachusetts.
The news of the bloodshed rockets along the eastern seaboard, and thousands of volunteers converge on Cambridge, Mass.