An introduction to the life of aristophanes

These lines, spoken by Lysistrata and her friend Calonice at the beginning of the play, [3] set the scene for the action that follows.

An introduction to the life of aristophanes

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Athens, Greece Greek writer Aristophanes was the greatest of the writers of the original Greek comedy, which flourished in Athens in the fifth century B. He wrote at least thirty-six comedies, of which eleven still exist. His life Aristophanes was born in Athens between and B. He had an excellent education and was well versed in literature, especially the poetry of Homer eighth century B.

His writings also suggest a strong knowledge of the latest philosophical theories. Between the ages of seventeen and twenty-three Aristophanes began submitting his comedies for the annual Athens competition. His easy humor and good choice of words made most laugh and at least one politician take him to court.

The original Greek comedy, Old Comedy, was a unique dramatic mixture of fantasy, satire literary scorn of human foolishnessslapstick, and obvious sexuality. Aristophanes used beautiful rhythmic poetry as the format for all of his comedy. He had a way of shrinking the self-importance of people involved in politics, social life, and literature, but above all he used his unlimited amount of comic invention and high spirits.

In one such comedy, The Knights, Aristophanes represented the local Athenian leader as the greedy and dishonest slave of a dimwitted old gentleman the Athenian people come to life. At the time the featured politician was at the height of his popularity, yet Athenian tolerance even in wartime allowed Aristophanes first prize in the competition for comedies.

In peacetime he wrote an emotionally charged and rude celebration of favorite things to do during peacetime. In times of Athenian plots and prewar conflict, he wrote his own conspiracies, such as Lysistrata, a depiction of the women of Greece banding together to stop the war by refusing to sleep with their husbands.

With such a plot the play was inevitably rude but Lysistrata herself is one of his most attractive characters, and his sympathy for the difficulty of women in wartime makes the play a moving comment on the foolishness of war. The Peloponnesian war — between Athens and the Spartans began in B.

The leaders of Athens decided to wage war from the sea only. Meanwhile the Spartans burned the crops of Athens.

Aristophanes - Ancient Greece - Classical Literature

Then the plague outbreak of disease hit Athens in Aristophanes. Frogs received the first time honor of the request for a second performance. The long war finally ended, when the Athenians were starved into surrender in the spring of B.

This sad defeat broke something in the spirit of the Athenians, and though they soon regained considerable importance both in politics and in intellectual matters, they were never quite the same again.

In the sphere of comedy the no-holds-barred rudeness of the Old Comedy disappeared and was replaced by a more cautious, refined, and less spirited New Comedy.

The political climate was uneasy with the Spartans lording over Athens. Aristophanes had to hold his tongue in his plays, no longer poking fun at leaders and politics. He died nine years after Lysistrata, which still exists, and three years after his play Plutus.

An introduction to the life of aristophanes

Dates of death range from — B. For More Information Bloom, Harold, ed. Aristophanes, an Author for the Stage. Comment about this article, ask questions, or add new information about this topic:Aristophanes’ works recreate the life of ancient Athens perhaps more convincingly than those of any other author, although his biting satire and ridicule of his contemporaries often came close to slander.

Life & Character Little is known about Aristophanes beyond what can be gleaned from his plays and a fictional portrait in Plato ’s Symposium.

Aristophanes - Wikipedia

From the dates of his works we may surmise that he was born between and BCE and died sometime between and BCE. Jan 29,  · In this lecture, Dr Rosie Wyles (University of Kent) provides an introduction to three plays of Aristophanes (Acharnians, Knights, Peace), including the .

“Ecclesiazusae” was written towards the end of Aristophanes’ life, around BCE, after a 13 year gap in our knowledge of his work (although he continued to write during this time, the works are all lost).

Aristophanes’ works recreate the life of ancient Athens perhaps more convincingly than those of any other author, although his biting satire and ridicule of his contemporaries often came close to slander. On the one hand Aristophanes's comedy "The Frogs" is a farce, but it is of more interest because it presents the earliest known example of dramatic criticism.

Presented in B.C., the play tells of how Dionysus, the god of drama, had to go to Hades to fetch back Euripides, who died the previous year, because Athens no longer had any great tragic poets heartoftexashop.coms: 3.

Aristophanes and Athens: An Introduction to the Plays by Douglas M. MacDowell