Ancient india and medical science

He also stated that anu can have two states — absolute rest and a state of motion. He further held that atoms of same substance combined with each other in a specific and synchronized manner to produce dvyanuka diatomic molecules and tryanuka triatomic molecules. He correctly propounded that the Earth is round, rotates on its own axis and revolves around the Sun i. He also made predictions about the solar and lunar eclipses, duration of the day as well as the distance between the Earth and the Moon.

Ancient india and medical science

Ayurvedic herbal medicines The Atharvavedaa sacred text of Hinduism dating from the Early Iron Ageis one of the first Indian text dealing with medicine.

The Atharvaveda also contain prescriptions of herbs for various ailments. The use of herbs to treat ailments would later form a large part of Ayurveda.

Ayurveda, meaning the "complete knowledge for long life" is another medical system of India.

Ancient india and medical science

Its two most famous texts belong to the schools of Charaka and Sushruta. The earliest foundations of Ayurveda were built on a synthesis of traditional herbal practices together with a massive addition of theoretical conceptualizations, new nosologies and new therapies dating from about BCE onwards, and coming out of the communities of thinkers who included the Buddha and others.

Both these ancient compendia include details of the examination, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of numerous ailments. His medical treatise consists of chapters, 1, conditions are listed, including injuries and illnesses relating to aging and mental illness.

Ancient india and medical science

The Ayurvedic classics mention eight branches of medicine: The teaching of various subjects was done during the instruction of relevant clinical subjects. For example, teaching of anatomy was a part of the teaching of surgery, embryology was a part of training in pediatrics and obstetrics, and the knowledge of physiology and pathology was interwoven in the teaching of all the clinical disciplines.

But the physician was to continue to learn. It progressed during Indian sultanate and mughal periods. Unani medicine is very close to Ayurveda.

Both are based on theory of the presence of the elements in Unani, they are considered to be fire, water, earth and air in the human body. According to followers of Unani medicine, these elements are present in different fluids and their balance leads to health and their imbalance leads to illness.

Muslim rulers built large hospitals in in Hyderabadand in Delhi inand numerous commentaries on ancient texts were written. Traditional Chinese medicine Assorted dried plant and animal parts used in traditional Chinese medicines, clockwise from top left corner: Much of the philosophy of traditional Chinese medicine derived from empirical observations of disease and illness by Taoist physicians and reflects the classical Chinese belief that individual human experiences express causative principles effective in the environment at all scales.

These causative principles, whether material, essential, or mystical, correlate as the expression of the natural order of the universe. The Jin Dynasty practitioner and advocate of acupuncture and moxibustionHuangfu Mi —also quotes the Yellow Emperor in his Jiayi jing, c.

During the Tang Dynastythe Suwen was expanded and revised, and is now the best extant representation of the foundational roots of traditional Chinese medicine. Traditional Chinese Medicine that is based on the use of herbal medicine, acupuncture, massage and other forms of therapy has been practiced in China for thousands of years.Kids curious about ancient medicine will learn about Hippocrates, the Greek “father of medicine,” and Galen, a Roman doctor who compiled his medical knowledge into a .

The Indian word for medical science is Ayurveda, literally the science of the prolongation of life. In ancient India, the only discipline that promises to be fully secular and contains clear potentials of the modern understanding of natural science is medicine.

Medical Science was surprising advanced in ancient times in India. Specifically these advances were in the areas of plastic surgery, extraction of catracts, dental surgery. Kids curious about ancient medicine will learn about Hippocrates, the Greek “father of medicine,” and Galen, a Roman doctor who compiled his medical knowledge into a .

History of science and technology in the Indian subcontinent - Wikipedia

The history of medicine shows how societies have changed in their approach to illness and disease from ancient times to the present.

Early medical traditions include those of Babylon, China, Egypt and India. Science and technology in ancient and medieval India covered all the major branches of human knowledge and activities, including mathematics, astronomy, physics, chemistry, medical science and surgery, fine arts, mechanical and production technology, civil engineering and architecture, shipbuilding.

Medical Science in Ancient India – Sanskriti - Hinduism and Indian Culture Website