Anito 15th century bululan anito representation, with a pamahan ceremonial bowl in the Louvre Museum Historian T. Valentino Sitoy, in his review of documents concerning pre-Spanish religious beliefs, notes that three core characteristics which shaped the religious worldview of Filipinos throughout the archipelago before the arrival of Spanish colonizers. First, Filipinos believed in the existence of parallel spirit worldwhich was invisible but had an influence on the visible world. Second, Filipinos believed that there were spirits anito everywhere - ranging from the high creator gods to minor spirits that lived in the environment such as trees or rocks or creeks.
Spain occupies about 85 percent of the Iberian peninsula, with Portugal on its western border. Other entities in Iberia are the Principality of Andorra in the Pyrenees and Gibraltar, which is under British sovereignty and is located on the south coast.
The Pyrenees range separates Spain from France. The Atlantic Ocean washes Spain's north coast, the far northwest corner adjacent to Portugal, and the far southwestern zone between the Portuguese border and the Strait of Gibraltar.
Spain is separated from North Africa on the south by the Strait of Gibraltar and the Mediterranean Sea, which also washes Spain's entire east coast.
Spain also holds two cities, Ceuta and Melilla, on the Mediterranean coast of Morocco. Spain's perimeter is mountainous, the mountains generally rising from relatively narrow coastal plains.
The country's interior, while transected by various mountain ranges, is high plateau, or meseta, generally divided into the northern and southern mesetas.
Great local diversity flourishes on Spanish terrain and is part of Spain's essence. The people of hamlets, villages, towns, and cities—the basic political units of the Spanish population—and sometimes even neighborhoods barrios hold local identities that are rooted not only in differences of local geography and microclimate but also in perceived cultural differences made concrete in folklore and symbolic usages.
Throughout rural Spain, despite the strength of localism, there is also a perception of shared culture in rural zones called comarcas. The comarca is a purely cultural and economic unit, without political or any other official identity.
In what are known as market communities in other parts of the world, villages or towns in a Spanish comarca patronize the same markets and fairs, worship at the same regional shrines in times of shared need such as droughtwear similar traditional dress, speak the language similarly, intermarry, and celebrate some of the same festivals at places commonly regarded as central or important.
The comarca is a community of concrete relationships; larger regional identities are more easily characterized as imagined but emerge from a tradition of local difference and acquire some of their strength from that tradition.
A recognition of difference among Spaniards is woven into the very fabric of Spanish identity; most Spaniards begin any discussion of their country with a recitation of Spain's diversity, and this is generally a matter of pride. Spaniards' commitment to Spain's essential Spain diversity is the benchmark from which any student of things Spanish must depart.
It is essential to realize that outsiders can legitimately consider some of Spain's diversity as imagined every bit as much as its unity might be—that is, Spaniards sort their differences with a fine-toothed comb and create measures of local and regional differences which might fail tests of general significance by other measures.
The majority of Spaniards endorse the significance of local differences together with an overarching unity, which makes them regard Spain's inhabitants as Spanish despite their variety. This image of variety is itself a shared element of Spanish identity.
The populations least likely to feel Spanish are Catalans and Basques, although these large, complex regional populations are by no means unanimous in their views. The Basque language is unrelated to any living language or known extinct ones; this fact is the principal touchstone of a Basque sense of separateness.
Even though many other measures of difference can be questioned, Basque separatism, where it is endorsed, is fueled by the experience of political repression in the twentieth century in particular. There has never been an independent Basque state apart from Spain or France.
The Catalan language, like Spanish, is a Romance language, lacking the mysterious distinction that Basque has.
This growing power was soon to be enhanced by the Crown's monopoly vis-a-vis other regions and the rest of Europe on all that accrued from Christopher Columbus's discovery of the New World, which occurred under Crown sponsorship.Culture & lifestyle of people during spanish period 1.
A. Society Mode of Dressing Social Classes Houses B. Religion Religious Beliefs C. Economic Life Agriculture Livestock Trade D. Culture Languages Music and Dance Art. the filipinos during the pre-spanish period. The Philippines During the American Period stories, riddles and proverbs which we still enjoy today and which serve to show to generations the true culture of our people.
The Pre-Spanish Literature is characterized by folk songs are one of the oldest forms of Philippine literature that /5(17).
Spain's political culture in the post-Franco period, however, is still developing. The most local representative of national government is the secretario local, or civil recorder, in each municipality. Ideas, Beliefs, and Culture During this time Americans were starting the go over into Native land.
This posed a problem for the Native Americans living there and caused many problems to come.
Many Americans would go socialize with the Natives and some of our cultures mixed with theirs. The KKK gained renewed popularity in the.
In short, they were refined and civilized; they possessed a distinct culture that distinguish them from other race. Introduction Filipinos During The Pre-Spanish Period.
Of course, it was no different in the Philippines during the pre-colonial and Spanish era, especially with the abundance of sharp-edged weapons and exacerbated by .