Birth control history methods and issues

Glossary What are combined hormonal birth control methods? Birth control pills, the birth control patch, and the vaginal birth control ring are combined hormonal birth control methods. They contain two hormones:

Birth control history methods and issues

Share9 Shares 29K This year marked the fiftieth anniversary of the birth control pill, which many considered to have empowered women and sparked the sexual revolution. But as this list will show, women have had some control over their reproductive rights for millennia, although some of these ancient birth control methods were, admittedly, more terrifying than most of the methods in use today.

To be included on this list, the birth control had to be at least plausibly effective to some degree. These items are in no particular order.

Birth control history methods and issues

Mentioned in the Talmud, this was a preferred method of birth control in ancient Jewish communities. The sponge itself would act as a pessary—a physical barrier between the sperm and the cervix. The great womanizer Casanova was said to have inserted the rind of half a lemon into his lovers as a primitive cervical cap or diaphragm, the residual lemon juice serving to annihilate the sperm.

Lemon- and lime-juice douches following coitus were also recommended as a form of birth control, but this method was likely less effective, since sperm can enter the cervix—and hence out of reach of any douching—within minutes of ejaculation. The only danger, it seemed, was confusing the plant with similar-looking but potentially deadly poison hemlock and water hemlock.

The ancient Greeks and Romans used it as a cooking herb and a flavoring ingredient in wine. They also drank pennyroyal tea to induce menstruation and abortion—1st-century physician Dioscorides records this use of pennyroyal in his massive five-volume encyclopedia on herbal medicine.

Too much of the tea could be highly toxic, however, leading to multiple organ failure. Midwives today may use blue cohosh in the last month of pregnancy to tone the uterus in preparation for labour. The completely unrelated but similarly named black cohosh also has estrogenic and abortifacient properties and was often combined with blue cohosh to terminate a pregnancy.

Women drank a tonic brewed with dong quai roots to help regulate irregular menstruation, alleviate menstrual cramps and help the body regenerate after menstruation. Taken during early pregnancy, however, dong quai had the effect of causing uterine contractions and inducing abortion.

European and American species of angelica have similar properties but were not as widely used. It is rather bitter but can be used in small amounts as a flavoring ingredient in cooking.

Health Topics

Soranus, a gynecologist from 2nd-century Greece, described its use as a potent abortifacient, and women in Latin America have traditionally eaten rue in salads as a contraceptive and drunk rue tea as emergency contraception or to induce abortion. Ingested regularly, rue decreases blood flow to the endometrium, essentially making the lining of the uterus non-nutritive to a fertilized egg.

Granted, it was what was in the cotton rather than the cotton itself that promoted its effectiveness as birth control—acacia ferments into lactic acid, a well-known spermicide—but the seed wool did serve as a physical barrier between ejaculate and cervix.

Interestingly, though, women during the times of American slavery would chew on the bark of cotton root to prevent pregnancy. Cotton root bark contains substances that interfere with the corpus luteum, which is the hole left in the ovary when ovulation occurs.

The corpus luteum secretes progesterone to prepare the uterus for implantation of a fertilized egg.

Population Control and Consequences in China

Once papaya is ripe, though, it loses the phytochemicals that interfere with progesterone and thus its contraceptive and abortifacient properties. The seeds of the papaya could actually serve as an effective male contraceptive.

Best of all, the sterility was reversible: It was reportedly effective for contraception when taken once a month as a tincture. It could also be used as emergency birth control, either orally or vaginally, as an abortifacient.The most common method of birth control in the United States is the birth control pill, also known as an oral contraceptive.

Birth control history methods and issues

While the absolute risk for a blood clot for the average woman taking birth control pills might be considered relatively low – about 1 in – the risk is much more significant for a woman who has a clotting disorder, a family history of blood clots, or who. Birth control, also known as contraception, is designed to prevent pregnancy.

Birth control methods may work in a number of different ways: Preventing sperm from getting to the eggs. Types include condoms, diaphragms, cervical caps, and contraceptive sponges.

Related Issues Contraception and Birth Control. Realizing that birth control was a means and not the goal -- family planning was the goal -- the Birth Control Clinical Research Bureau was renamed Planned Parenthood Federation. Key Issues in Planned Parenthood History.

Since ancient times, women all over the world have used a variety of methods for contraception. Prior to the introduction of the Pill, however, choices were limited and existing methods were less. How the IUD works, effectivenss, safety, and ethical issues for Christians.

Intrauterine Device (IUD) | Christian Family Planning

Discussion of both Mirena Intrauterine System and the Copper-T Paragard. The truth about birth control drugs, health concerns, contraceptive devices, fertility awareness, abortion, and STDs for Christians. Includes info on all birth control methods, books, online discussion forum, and related links.

Use our birth control comparison chart to help you choose the birth control method that is right for you. Keep in mind that even the most effective birth control methods can fail. But your chances of getting pregnant are lower if you use a more effective method.

This has lowered the risk of side effects and serious health problems.

Birth control options: Things to consider - Mayo Clinic