Share via Email It is an indelible image, heavy with symbolism: The great white bird rears up over runway 26 at Charles de Gaulle, immediately after takeoff. Already mortally wounded, flames bleed uncontrollably from beneath the left-hand wing. Less than two minutes later, the world's only supersonic airliner will fling itself into the Paris suburb of Gonesse, killing all on board and another five on the ground.
The group met for the first time in February and delivered their first report in April The team outlined a baseline configuration that looked like an enlarged Avro This effect had been noticed earlier, notably by Chuck Yeager in the Convair XFbut its qualities had not been fully appreciated.
Weber suggested that this was no mere curiosity, and the effect could be deliberately used to improve low speed performance. Although the delta had already been used on aircraft prior to this point, these designs used planforms that were not much different from a swept wing of the same span.
Such a layout would still have good supersonic performance inherent to the short span, while also offering reasonable take-off and landing speeds using vortex generation. Test pilot Eric Brown recalls Morgan's reaction to the presentation, saying that he immediately seized on it as the solution to the SST problem.
Brown considers this moment as being the true birth of the Concorde project. At the very first meeting, on 5 Novemberthe decision was made to fund the development of a test bed aircraft to examine the low-speed performance of the slender delta, a contract that eventually produced the Handley Page HP.
This would remain economically advantageous as long as fuel represented a small percentage of operational costs, as it did at the time. To meet this schedule, development would need to begin inwith production contracts let in Armstrong Whitworth also responded with an internal design, the M-Wing, for the lower-speed shorter-range category.
Even at this early time, both the STAC group and the government were looking for partners to develop the designs. Each of these planforms had its own advantages and disadvantages in terms of aerodynamics.
As they worked with these shapes, a practical concern grew to become so important that it forced selection of one of these designs. As the aircraft layout changes during the design phase, it is common for the CG to move fore or aft.
With a normal wing design this can be addressed by moving the wing slightly fore or aft to account for this. Studying the various layouts in terms of CG changes, both during design and changes due to fuel use during flight, the ogee planform immediately came to the fore.
Bristol's original Type was a small design with an almost pure slender delta wing,  but evolved into the larger Type In the late s the government requested designs from both the government-owned Sud Aviation and Nord Aviationas well as Dassault.
Of the three, the Sud Aviation Super-Caravelle won the design contest with a medium-range design deliberately sized to avoid competition with transatlantic US designs they assumed were already on the drawing board.
Bristol was surprised to find that the Sud team had designed a very similar aircraft after considering the SST problem and coming to the very same conclusions as the Bristol and STAC teams in terms of economics.
Sud made minor changes to the paper, and presented it as their own work.
The French had no modern large jet engines, and had already concluded they would buy a British design anyway as they had on the earlier subsonic Caravelle. This lower speed would also speed development and allow their design to fly before the Americans.
The UK team was still focused on a passenger design serving transatlantic routes, while the French were deliberately avoiding these. However, this proved not to be the barrier it might seem; common components could be used in both designs, with the shorter range version using a clipped fuselage and four engines, the longer one with a stretched fuselage and six engines, leaving only the wing to be extensively re-designed.
A single design emerged that differed mainly in fuel load. More powerful Bristol Siddeley Olympus engines, being developed for the TSR-2allowed either design to be powered by only four engines.
The Treasury Ministry in particular presented a very negative view, suggesting that there was no way the project would have any positive financial returns for the government, especially in light that "the industry's past record of over-optimistic estimating including the recent history of the TSR.
The Committee ultimately rejected the economic arguments, including considerations of supporting the industry made by Thorneycroft. Their report in October stated that it was unlikely there would be any direct positive economic outcome, but that the project should still be considered for the simple reason that everyone else was going supersonic, and they were concerned they would be locked out of future markets.
Conversely, it appeared the project would not be likely to significantly impact other, more important, research efforts. Cabinet felt that signing a deal with Sud would pave the way for Common Market entry, and this became the main deciding reason for moving ahead with the deal.
A draft treaty was signed on 29 November Both words mean agreement, harmony or union. The name was officially changed to Concord by Harold Macmillan in response to a perceived slight by Charles de Gaulle. At the French roll-out in Toulouse in late the British Government Minister for TechnologyTony Bennannounced that he would change the spelling back to Concorde.
In his memoirs, he recounts a tale of a letter from an irate Scotsman claiming: In common usage in the United Kingdom, the type is known as Concorde without an articlerather than the Concorde or a Concorde. At first, the new consortium intended to produce one long-range and one short-range version.The BHS plane has crashed into the mountains but some of those involved seem to have emerged from the wreckage financially unscathed.
More about BHS Sir Philip Green Dominic Chappell Retail. What was the reason behind the withdrawal of the Concorde? Would the Airbus Concord be as prone to plane crashes as the original Concorde was? Ask New Question. Carlos Bonilla, and it was one of the reasons the Concorde was retired only three years later.
The Concorde is both a relic of the past and a vision of the future. The word concorde (or concord in English) means an agreement between persons, groups, or nations, so it is a very appropriate name for a plane built as a partnership.
Of course, a plane like this didn’t just appear out of nowhere. Because it was monument of inefficiency. The Concorde concept has its origins well before the oil-price shock in the early s.
From an avgeek perspective, it was a masterpiece in engineering and a beauty in the skies, but also a fuel into speed-converter built for a good deal of prestigious reasons.
THE REAL STORY OF FLIGHT SPECIAL INVESTIGATION: A freak 'single cause' accident was blamed when an Air France Concorde crashed in flames in Paris last year, killing people.