Overview[ edit ] Between and Malthus published six editions of his famous treatise, updating each edition to incorporate new material, to address criticism, and to convey changes in his own perspectives on the subject. He wrote the original text in reaction to the optimism of his father and his father's associates notably Rousseau regarding the future improvement of society. Malthus also constructed his case as a specific response to writings of William Godwin — and of the Marquis de Condorcet —
Malthus was educated privately at home and, at age 13, began two years of study in residence with Richard Graves, a Protestant minister near Bath. He excelled in history, classics, and fighting. In a letter to Daniel Malthus on the progress of his son, Graves stated that young Thomas "loves fighting for fighting's sake, and delights in bruising.
At age 18, he enrolled at Jesus College, Cambridge, where he studied mathematics and the classics.
He graduated from Cambridge in and became an ordained minister in the Church of England in Malthus and his father frequently discussed the issues of the day. When the elder Malthus became fascinated with the utopian philosophy of the popular William Godwin, which preached a vision of peace, prosperity, and equality for all, the younger Malthus expressed his doubts in a manuscript intended only for his father.
The book was an instant success. Well written, it argued that population tended to grow at a geometric exponential rate, whereas the resources needed to support the population would only grow at an arithmetic linear rate.
Eventually, society would not have the resources to support its population, and the result would be misery, poverty, and a subsistence standard of living for the masses. Inhe met David Ricardo, and the two soon became lifelong friends and professional rivals.
InMalthus published "Principles of Political Economy," a sometimes obscure but far-reaching treatment of economics that advocated a form of national income accounting, made advances in the theory of rent, and extended the analysis of supply and demand.
Today, Malthus is more remembered for his views on population than for his views on economics. Even so, his other achievements have not gone unnoticed. John Maynard Keynes paid the ultimate tribute when he wrote:"Principles of the Population" is a book written by Thomas Malthus and it was first published in The book has 19 chapters and every chapter addresses various issues related to the aspect of population.
Malthus, An Essay On The Principle Of Population ( 1st edition, plus excerpts 2nd edition), Introduction by Philip Appleman, and assorted commentary on Malthus edited Author: Thomas Robert Malthus. Thomas Robert Malthus, An Essay on the Principle of Population, as it affects the future Improvement of Society, with Remarks on the Speculations of Mr.
Godwin, M. Condorcet, and Other Writers (London: J. Johnson ). 1st edition.
An Essay on the Principle of Population was written by the Reverend Thomas Malthus in In this Malthus argues that poverty is the inevitable lot of the majority Reviews: 2. The book An Essay on the Principle of Population was first published in under the alias Joseph Johnson,   but the author was soon identified as Thomas Robert Malthus.
While it was not the first book on population, it has been acknowledged as the most influential work of its era. Population: The First Essay published and so "An Essay on the Principle of Population As It Affects the Future Improvement of Society" appeared in The book was an instant success.
Well written, it argued that population tended to grow at a geometric (exponential) rate, whereas the resources needed to support the population would.