A Middle Class Movement Revolutions are generally defined by certain causes and results stemming from discontent in the governed people. Among these outcomes are change in the political, social and economic order of society.
The leadership in both countries at the time of their revolutions was certainly repressive, especially in terms of taxation. While there are several similarities in these revolutions, there are also a few key differences.
This comparison essay on the French and American Revolutions seeks to explore the parallels as well as the divisions that are present in both the American Revolution and the French Revolution.
Furthermore, although the lower and middle classes were generally the majority of the rebelling populace, there was far more upper class support for the revolution in France versus the participation of loyalists in America. Even though they were powerful in both France and America at the start of each revolution, their strangleholds on both the people and economies of each nation were weakening.
The reaction against the British monarchy in America only served to further weaken it and although it may have been strong in other parts of the world, the continued resistance exemplified by events such as the Boston Tea party and other revolutionary acts against the crown were taking their toll.
It way was blocked and recognition of its worth was denied by a decaying class of parasitic, hereditary privileged, noble landowners. Just as in America, it was the middle and lower classes involved in the revolution and although the loyalists in America had a sound following, the demographics of the revolution were essentially the same.
Another important similarity between the two revolutions in France and America was their emphasis on Enlightenment thought. The Enlightenmentwhich started in France and is associated with writers such as Rousseau and Voltaire, caused those under the thumb of monarchies to begin to recognize the inequality inherent in such systems.
People of all classes, especially the middle and lower classes, began to use these ideas to formulate an ideology of resistance and insist on the implementation of new measures that would guarantee the natural rights of all citizens.
These ideas shaped the American Revolution and the success of it went on to also inspire the French as well. Partisans of the Revolution differed violently with each other, as did their opponents. To different parties, the French Revolution might refer to specific events, like the capture of the Bastille, or to a vast personified force, or to an abstract cause for which the French or others might be fighting.
This statement would also apply to America during its revolutionary period and acts of rebellion could be anything such as boycotting goods from Britain to violently attacking loyalist and British enterprises. One was the charisma of General Washington, embodying as he did the states had fought the war together.
On top of this, the Seven Years War had increased taxes by a huge margin and no one—not even those in the upper echelons saw the potential for personal yield. The nobility was becoming a useless old structure and the boredom of many of these idle aristocrats led to planning action. The difference between France and America was that in America there was not a period of protracted wars outside of the country going on that would weaken the economy and necessitate the need for additional funds.
Even though there were battles in America with the Indians, mostly in the pursuit of land, these did not match the scope and cost of the Seven Years War that had driven the French nearly to bankruptcy.
On the other hand, the British, the opponent to the Americans, were weakened because of outside mostly colonial and land-grabbing wars. The people in America were less impoverished than their French counterparts although the British government was coming close to breaking the bank through massive taxation.
In America, there were still a strong number of loyalists because they benefited from the great amount of favor they received from the British government. In France, however, even the nobles and aristocrats were angry at the monarchy because they were given less and less power. Although they still had money and a fair amount of control over local politics, they were almost figureheads instead of people with actual power.
They saw that the king was limiting their role in government and they were part of the resistance effort as well. This is not to say that all of the nobility took part in reaction against the monarchy but the numbers of French aristocrats that were rebelling was significant.
Still, the similarity of the rest of the population sponsoring the revolts was strong in both France an America.
From the top levels all the way to the lowest of laborers, everyone in France had a reason to want to prompt great change. While it seems that a majority of the focus of the French Revolution is on the plight and revolt of the working poor, the fact remains that this was a rebellion that was so effective because of this widespread support.Links to online books and articles relating to the American Revolution generally and to the Southern Campaign specifically.
Economics, social science that seeks to analyze and describe the production, distribution, and consumption of wealth. In the 19th century economics was the hobby of gentlemen of leisure and the vocation of a few academics; economists wrote about economic policy but were rarely consulted by legislators before decisions were made.
Today there is hardly a government, international agency, or. The American Revolution: A Middle Class Movement Essay - Revolutions are generally defined by certain causes and results stemming from discontent in the governed people.
Among these outcomes are change in the political, social and economic order of society. FOREWORD. Since its first publication in the Brazilian cultural journal Catolicismo in , Revolution and Counter-Revolution has gone through a number of editions in Portuguese, English, French, Italian, and Spanish..
The present edition is the first to be published digitally in the United States. This essay delves deeply into the origins of the Vietnam War, critiques U.S.
justifications for intervention, examines the brutal conduct of the war, and discusses the antiwar movement. [Chapter 80, "Was the American Revolution Radical?," from Murray N. Rothbard's Conceived in Liberty, vol.
4, The Revolutionary War, –] Especially since the early s, America has been concerned with opposing revolutions throughout the world; in the process, it has generated a.