Alternative medicine is defined loosely as a set of products, practices, and theories that are believed or perceived by their users to have the healing effects of medicine[n 1] [n 2] but whose effectiveness has not been clearly established using scientific methods[n 1] [n 3]     or whose theory and practice is not part of biomedicine[n 2] [n 4] [n 5] [n 6] or whose theories or practices are directly contradicted by scientific evidence or scientific principles used in biomedicine. Unlike medicine, [n 4] an alternative product or practice does not originate from using scientific methods, but may instead be based on hearsayreligiontradition, superstitionbelief in supernatural energies, pseudoscienceerrors in reasoningpropagandafraudor other unscientific sources. The meaning of the term "alternative" in the expression "alternative medicine", is not that it is an effective alternative to medical sciencealthough some alternative medicine promoters may use the loose terminology to give the appearance of effectiveness.
The science and art of diagnosing and treating disease or injury and maintaining health. The branch of this science encompassing treatment by drugs, diet, exercise, and other nonsurgical means.
The practice of medicine. A substance, especially a drug, used to treat the signs and symptoms of a disease, condition, or injury.
Shamanistic practices or beliefs, especially among Native Americans. Something, such as a ritual practice or sacred object, believed to control natural or supernatural powers or serve as a preventive or remedy.
L, medicina, art of healing 1 a drug or a remedy for illness. Two major divisions of medicine are academic medicine and clinical medicine.
Some of the many branches of medicine are environmental medicine, family medicine, forensic medicine, internal medicine, and physical medicine.
Therapeutics A drug or therapeutic agent. The art of preventing, diagnosing, and treating disease; the science concerned with disease in all its aspects. The study and treatment of general diseases or those affecting the internal parts of the body, especially those not usually requiring surgical intervention.
The branch of science devoted to the prevention of disease hygienethe restoration of the sick to health therapy and the safe management of childbirth obstetrics. Medicine is a scientific discipline but the practice of medicine involves social skills and the exercise of sympathy, understanding and identification, not normally demanded of a scientist.
Medical practice not involving surgical operative intervention. In this sense, medicine and surgery are distinguished. Any drug given for therapeutic purposes. These healers may have formal societies or work informally.
Used in-stead of conventional therapies. It includes the use of herbal treatments, massage tuinaacupuncture, and qi gong to maintain the balance of qi, the vital energy in the body. Also called traditional medicine of China. See also qi gong and qi. Used in conjunction with conventional therapies.
Often used interchangeably with the term alternative medicine, encompasses the wide array of therapies not generally offered by MDs and not usually covered by health insurance. Complementary is considered a more accurate term because in practice, patients do not replace allopathic treatment but instead supplement it with complementary medicine.
Similar alterations occur within each constitution during breathing and in blood. See also constitutionconstitutional prescribingmorphologyand typology. This paradigm was designated as conventional because of its prevalence.
What is considered conventional is always in flux. See also allopathy ; model, biomedical; and orthodox. See also homeopathy, complex; homeopathy, pluralist; and homeopathyunicist.
The term energy in energy medicine is understood in different terms depending upon the context; therefore energy medicine includes many different modalities. See also acupuncturebio-feedbackhomeopathymeditationQi gongreikiand therapeutic touch.
The environment of the patient is tested for disease precipitators; living habits are evaluated; and a treatment protocol is created based on the findings. Health and disease are understood in terms of the balance and imbalance of humors body fluidsand herbs were classified in terms of their effects on the humors.
See also medicine, humoral. It was heavily informed by the Hellenistic medical thought of Galen and the diet therapies of India; also included the innovations of public hygiene and surgery.
See also medicine, Galenic.
|Definition||Inthe Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching published the Flexner Reportwhich criticized many aspects of medical education, especially quality and lack of scientific rigour.|
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Removal of these disruptions leads to elimination or suppression of the disease. Emphasizes techniques for developing self-awareness and self-care.Alternative medicine, complementary therapies, holistic practices, natural healthcare, integrative medicine--these are a few of the terms used nowadays to describe a wide array of healing practices that fall outside purely pharmaceutical or surgical treatments.
An alternative medicine practice that is used in conjunction with a conventional one is known as a “complementary” medicine.
Example: using ginger syrup to prevent nausea during chemotherapy. Together, complementary and alternative medicines are often referred to by the acronym CAM. Naturopathy or naturopathic medicine is a form of alternative medicine that employs an array of pseudoscientific practices branded as "natural", "non-invasive", and as promoting "self-healing".
They advocate the integrity of natural medicine practice. Holistic Medicine: Types of Treatments. Holistic practitioners use a variety of treatment techniques to help their patients take responsibility for their own well-being and achieve optimal health.
Depending on the practitioner's training, these may include: Patient education on lifestyle changes and self-care to promote wellness. Complementary medicine has never been more popular. Nearly 30 percent of adults report using complementary and alternative medicine (CAM).
Doctors are embracing CAM therapies, too, often combining them with mainstream medical therapies — spawning the term "integrative medicine.
The practice of naturopathic medicine includes modern and traditional, scientific, and empirical methods. The following principles are the foundation of naturopathic medical practice: The Healing Power of Nature (Vis Medicatrix Naturae): Naturopathic medicine recognizes an inherent self-healing process in people that is ordered and intelligent.